The Redbook - LGC Subchapters A-E

 

The Red Book
Selected Texas Laws on Subdivisions,
Colonias, Etc.- 2007
Local Government Code: Part I
Local Government Code: Part II: Chapter 232
Local Government Code: Part III
Property Code
Water Code
Health and Safety Code
Miscellaneous

CHAPTER 232. COUNTY REGULATION OF SUBDIVISIONS

SUBCHAPTER A. SUBDIVISION PLATTING REQUIREMENTS IN GENERAL

Section
232.001. Plat Required.
232.0013. Chapter-wide Provision Relating to Regulation of Plats and Subdivisions in Extraterritorial Jurisdiction.
232.0015. Exceptions to Plat Requirement.
232.002. Approval by County Required.
232.0021. Plat Application Fee.
232.0025. Timely Approval of Plats.
232.003. Subdivision Requirements.
232.0031. Standard for Roads in Subdivisions.
232.0032. Additional Requirements: Use of Groundwater.
232.004. Bond Requirements.
232.0045. Financial Guarantee in Lieu of Bond.
232.0048. Conflict of Interest; Penalty.
232.005. Enforcement in General; Penalty.
232.006. Exceptions for Populous Counties or Contiguous Counties.
232.007. Manufactured Home Rental Communities.
232.008. Cancellation of Subdivision.
232.0085. Cancellation of Certain Subdivisions if Land Remains Undeveloped.
232.009. Revision of Plat.
232.0095. Alternative Procedures for Plat Revision.
232.010. Exception to Plat Requirement: County Determination.

SUBCHAPTER B. SUBDIVISION PLATTING REQUIREMENTS IN COUNTY NEAR INTERNATIONAL BORDER

232.021. Definitions.
232.022. Applicability.
232.023. Plat Required.
232.024. Approval by County Required.
232.025. Subdivision Requirements.
232.026. Water and Sewer Service Extension.
232.027. Bond Requirements.
232.028. Certification Regarding Compliance with Plat Requirements.
232.029. Connection of Utilities in Counties within 50 miles of International Border.
232.0291. Connection of Utilities in Certain Counties within 100 miles of International Border.
232.030. Subdivision Regulation; County Authority.
232.0305. County Inspector.
232.031. Requirements Prior to Sale or Lease.
232.032. Services Provided by Subdivider.
232.033. Advertising Standards and Other Requirements Before Sale; Offense.
232.034. Conflict of Interest; Penalty.
232.035. Civil Penalties.
232.036. Criminal Penalties.
232.037. Enforcement.
232.038. Suit by Private Person in Economically Distressed Area.
232.039. Cancellation of Subdivision.
232.040. Replatting.
232.041. Revision of Plat.
232.042. Variances from Replatting Requirements.
232.043. Variances from Platting Requirements.

SUBCHAPTER C. SUBDIVISION PLATTING REQUIREMENTS IN CERTAIN ECONOMICALLY DISTRESSED COUNTIES

Section
232.071. Applicability.
232.072. Plat Required.
232.073. Approval by County Required.
232.074. Bond Requirements.
232.075. Water and Sewer Service Extension.
232.076. Certification Regarding Compliance with Plat Requirements.
232.077. Connection of Utilities in Certain Counties.
232.0775. County Inspector.
232.078. Conflict of Interest; Penalty.
232.079. Civil Penalties.
232.080. Enforcement.

SUBCHAPTER D. COUNTY PLANNING COMMISSION

232.091. Applicability.
232.092. Establishment and Abolition of Planning Commission.
232.093. Appointment of Members of Planning Commission.
232.094. Financial Disclosure.
232.095. Officers, Quorum, and Meetings.
232.096. Timely Approval of Plats.
232.097. Reasons for Disapproval of Plat Required.

SUBCHAPTER E. INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING PROVISIONS IN CERTAIN URBAN COUNTIES

232.100. Applicability.
232.101. Rules.
232.102. Major Thoroughfare Plan.
232.103. Lot Frontages.
232.104. Set-Backs.
232.105. Developer.
232.106. Connection of Utilities.
232.107. Provisions Cumulative.
232.108 Plat Requirements.
232.109 Fire Suppression System.


SUBCHAPTER A. SUBDIVISION PLATTING REQUIREMENTS IN GENERAL

§ 232.001. Plat Required

(a) The owner of a tract of land located outside the limits of a municipality must have a plat of the subdivision prepared if the owner divides the tract into two or more parts to lay out:

(a-1) A division of a tract under Subsection (a) includes a division regardless of whether it is made by using a metes and bounds description in a deed of conveyance or in a contract for a deed, by using a contract of sale or other executory contract to convey, or by using any other method.

(b) To be recorded, the plat must:

(c) The owner or proprietor of the tract or the owner's or proprietor's agent must acknowledge the plat in the manner required for the acknowledgment of deeds.

(d) The plat must be filed and recorded with the county clerk of the county in which the tract is located.

(e) The plat is subject to the filing and recording provisions of Section 12.002, Property Code.

Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987. Amended by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 624, § 3.05, eff. Sept. 1, 1989; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 422, § 8, eff. Sept. 1, 1991; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 29, eff. June 16, 1995; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 129, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.0013. Chapter-wide Provision Relating to Regulation of Plats and Subdivisions in Extraterritorial Jurisdiction.

The authority of a county under this chapter relating to the regulation of plats or subdivisions in the extraterritorial jurisdiction of a municipality is subject to any applicable limitation prescribed by an agreement under Section 242.001 or by Section 242.002.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 523, § 7, eff. June 20, 2003.


§ 232.0015. Exceptions to Plat Requirement

(a) To determine whether specific divisions of land are required to be platted, a county may define and classify the divisions. A county need not require platting for every division of land otherwise within the scope of this subchapter.

(b) Except as provided by Section 232.0013, this subchapter does not apply to a subdivision of land to which Subchapter B applies.

(c) A county may not require the owner of a tract of land located outside the limits of a municipality who divides the tract into two or more parts to have a plat of the subdivision prepared if:

(d) If a tract described by Subsection (c) ceases to be used primarily for agricultural use or for farm, ranch, wildlife management, or timber production use, the platting requirements of this subchapter apply.

(e) A county may not require the owner of a tract of land located outside the limits of a municipality who divides the tract into four or fewer parts and does not lay out a part of the tract described by Section 232.001(a)(3) to have a plat of the subdivision prepared if each of the lots is to be sold, given, or otherwise transferred to an individual who is related to the owner within the third degree by consanguinity or affinity, as determined under Chapter 573, Government Code. If any lot is sold, given, or otherwise transferred to an individual who is not related to the owner within the third degree by consanguinity or affinity, the platting requirements of this subchapter apply.

(f) A county may not require the owner of a tract of land located outside the limits of a municipality who divides the tract into two or more parts to have a plat of the subdivision prepared if:

(g) A county may not require the owner of a tract of land located outside the limits of a municipality who divides the tract into two or more parts and does not lay out a part of the tract described by Section 232.001(a)(3) to have a plat of the subdivision prepared if all the lots are sold to veterans through the Veterans' Land Board program.

(h) The provisions of this subchapter shall not apply to a subdivision of any tract of land belonging to the state or any state agency, board, or commission or owned by the permanent school fund or any other dedicated funds of the state unless the subdivision lays out a part of the tract described by Section 232.001(a)(3).

(i) A county may not require the owner of a tract of land located outside the limits of a municipality who divides the tract into two or more parts to have a plat of the subdivision prepared if:

(j) A county may not require the owner of a tract of land located outside the limits of a municipality who divides the tract into two parts to have a plat of the subdivision prepared if:

(k) A county may not require the owner of a tract of land located outside the limits of a municipality who divides the tract into two or more parts to have a plat of the subdivision prepared if:

Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 624, § 3.04, eff. Sept. 1, 1989. Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 3, eff. June 16, 1995; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 129, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 523, § 8, , eff. June 20, 2003.


§ 232.002. Approval by County Required

(a) The commissioners court of the county in which the land is located must approve, by an order entered in the minutes of the court, a plat required by Section 232.001. The commissioners court may refuse to approve a plat if it does not meet the requirements prescribed by or under this chapter or if any bond required under this chapter is not filed with the county.

(b) The commissioners court may not approve a plat unless the plat and other documents have been prepared as required by Section 232.0035, if applicable.

(c) If no portion of the land subdivided under a plat approved under this section is sold or transferred before January 1 of the 51st year after the year in which the plat was approved, the approval of the plat expires, and the owner must resubmit a plat of the subdivision for approval. A plat resubmitted for approval under this subsection is subject to the requirements prescribed by this chapter at the time the plat is resubmitted.

Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987. Amended by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 624, § 3.04, eff. Sept. 1, 1989.; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 884, § 1, eff. June 14, 2001.


§ 232.0021. Plat Application Fee

(a) The commissioners court may impose an application fee to cover the cost of the county's review of a subdivision plat and inspection of street, road, and drainage improvements described by the plat.

(b) The fee may vary based on the number of proposed lots in the subdivision, the acreage described by the plat, the type or extent of proposed street and drainage improvements, or any other reasonable criteria as determined by the commissioners court.

(c) The owner of the tract to be subdivided must pay the fee at the time directed by the county before the county conducts a review of the plat.

(d) The fee is subject to refund under Section 232.0025(i).

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 301, § 9, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.


§ 232.0025. Timely Approval of Plats

(a) The commissioners court of a county or a person designated by the commissioners court shall issue a written list of the documentation and other information that must be submitted with a plat application. The documentation or other information must relate to a requirement authorized under this section or other applicable law. An application submitted to the commissioners court or the person designated by the commissioners court that contains the documents and other information on the list is considered complete.

(b) If a person submits a plat application to the commissioners court that does not include all of the documentation or other information required by Subsection(a), the commissioners court or the court's designee shall, not later than the 10th business day after the date the commissioners court receives the application, notify the applicant of the missing documents or other information. The commissioners court shall allow an applicant to timely submit the missing documents or other information.

(c) An application is considered complete when all documentation or other information required by Subsection (a) is received. Acceptance by the commissioners court or the court's designee of a completed plat application with the documentation or other information required by Subsection (a) shall not be construed as approval of the documentation or other information.

(d) Except as provided by Subsection (f), the commissioners court or the court's designee shall take final action on a plat application, including the resolution of all appeals, not later than the 60th day after the date a completed plat application is received by the commissioners court or the court's designee.

(e) If the commissioners court or the court's designee disapproves a plat application, the applicant shall be given a complete list of the reasons for the disapproval.

(f) The 60-day period under Subsection (d):

(g) The commissioners court or the court's designee shall make the determination under Subsection (f)(2) of whether the 60-day period will be extended not later than the 20th day after the date a completed plat application is received by the commissioners court or the court's designee.

(h) The commissioners court or the court's designee may not compel an applicant to waive the time limits contained in this section.

(i) If the commissioners court or the court's designee fails to take final action on the plat as required by Subsection (d):

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 129, § 3, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.003. Subdivision Requirements

By an order adopted and entered in the minutes of the commissioners court, and after a notice is published in a newspaper of general circulation in the county, the commissioners court may:

Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987. Amended by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1, § 54(b), eff. Aug. 28, 1989; Acts 1989,
71st Leg., ch. 624, § 3.04, eff. Sept. 1, 1989; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 129, § 4, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.0031. Standard for Roads in Subdivision

A county may not impose under Section 232.003 a higher standard for streets or roads in a subdivision than the county imposes on itself for the construction of streets or roads with a similar type and amount of traffic.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 129, § 5, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.0032. Additional Requirements: Use of Groundwater

(a) If a person submits a plat for the subdivision of a tract of land for which the source of the water supply intended for the subdivision is groundwater under that land, the commissioners court of a county by order may require the plat application to have attached to it a statement that:

(b) The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality by rule shall establish the appropriate form and content of a certification to be attached to a plat application under this section.

(c) The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, in consultation with the Texas Water Development Board, by rule shall require a person who submits a plat under Subsection (a) to transmit to the Texas Water Development Board and any groundwater conservation district that includes in the district's boundaries any part of the subdivision information that would be useful in:

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 460, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.; Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 99, § 2(b), eff. Sept. 1, 2001. Renumbered from V.T.C.A., Local Government Code § 232.0031 by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, § 21.001 (85), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.; Amended by SB 662, eff. Sept. 1, 2007. Amended by SB 3, eff. Sept. 1, 2007.


§ 232.0033. Additional Requirements: Future Transportation Corridors

(a) This section applies to each county in the state. The requirements provided by this section are in addition to the other requirements of this chapter.

(b) If all or part of a subdivision for which a plat is required under this chapter is located within a future transportation corridor identified in an agreement under Section 201.619, Transportation Code:

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., ch. 232, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2007.


§ 232.004. Bond Requirements

If the commissioners court requires the owner of the tract to execute a bond, the owner must do so before subdividing the tract unless an alternative financial guarantee is provided under Section 232.0045. The bond must:

Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987. Amended by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1, § 54(b), eff. Aug. 28, 1989; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 129, § 6, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.0045. Financial Guarantee in Lieu of Bond

(a) In lieu of the bond an owner may deposit cash, a letter of credit issued by a federally insured financial institution, or other acceptable financial guarantee.

(b) If a letter of credit is used, it must:

Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1, § 54(b), eff. Aug. 28, 1989.


§§ 232.0046, 232.0047. Repealed by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 29, eff. June 16, 1995


§ 232.0048. Conflict of Interest; Penalty

(a) In this section, "subdivided tract" means a tract of land, as a whole, that is subdivided. The term does not mean an individual lot in a subdivided tract of land.

(b) A person has a substantial interest in a subdivided tract if the person:

(c) A person also is considered to have a substantial interest in a subdivided tract if the person is related in the first degree by consanguinity or affinity, as determined under Chapter 573, Government Code, to another person who, under Subsection (b), has a substantial interest in the tract.

(d) If a member of the commissioners court of a county has a substantial interest in a subdivided tract, the member shall file, before a vote or decision regarding the approval of a plat for the tract, an affidavit stating the nature and extent of the interest and shall abstain from further participation in the matter. The affidavit must be filed with the county clerk.

(e) A member of the commissioners court of a county commits an offense if the member violates Subsection (d). An offense under this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.

(f) The finding by a court of a violation of this section does not render voidable an action of the commissioners court unless the measure would not have passed the commissioners court without the vote of the member who violated this section.

Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 624, § 3.04, eff. Sept. 1, 1989. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 561, § 39, eff. Aug. 26, 1991; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 76, § 5.95(27), eff. Sept. 1, 1995.


§ 232.0049. Repealed by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 29, eff. June 16, 1995


§ 232.005. Enforcement in General; Penalty

(a) At the request of the commissioners court, the county attorney or other prosecuting attorney for the county may file an action in a court of competent jurisdiction to:

(b) A person commits an offense if the person knowingly or intentionally violates a requirement established by, or adopted by the commissioners court under a preceding section of this chapter. An offense under this subsection is a Class B misdemeanor. This subsection does not apply to a violation for which a criminal penalty is prescribed by Section 232.0048.

(c) A requirement that was established by or adopted under Chapter 436, Acts of the 55th Legislature, Regular Session, 1957 (Article 6626a, Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes), or Chapter 151, Acts of the 52nd Legislature, Regular Session, 1951 (Article 2372k, Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes), before September 1, 1983, and that, after that date, continues to apply to a subdivision of land is enforceable under Subsection (a). A knowing or intentional violation of the requirement is an offense under Subsection (b).

Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987. Amended by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1, § 54(c), eff. Aug. 28, 1989; Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 624, § 3.04, eff. Sept. 1, 1989.


§ 232.006. Exceptions for Populous Counties or Contiguous Counties

(a) This section applies to a county:

(b) If a county elects to operate under this section, Section 232.005 does not apply to the county. The sections of this chapter preceding Section 232.005 do apply to the county in the same manner that they apply to other counties except that:

Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987. Amended by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 624, § 3.06, eff. Sept. 1, 1989.; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 669, § 76, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.


§ 232.007. Manufactured Home Rental Communities

(a) In this section:

(b) A manufactured home rental community is not a subdivision, and Sections 232.001-232.006 do not apply to the community.

(c) After a public hearing and after notice is published in a newspaper of general circulation in the county, the commissioners court of a county, by order adopted and entered in the minutes of the commissioners court, may establish minimum infrastructure standards for manufactured home rental communities located in the county outside the limits of a municipality. The minimum standards may include only:

(d) The commissioners court may not adopt minimum infrastructure standards that are more stringent than requirements adopted by the commissioners court forsubdivisions. The commissioners court may only adopt minimum infrastructure standards for ingress and egress access by fire and emergency vehicles that are reasonably necessary.

(e) If the commissioners court adopts minimum infrastructure standards for manufactured home rental communities, the owner of land located outside the limits of a municipality who intends to use the land for a manufactured home rental community must have an infrastructure development plan prepared that complies with the minimum infrastructure standards adopted by the commissioners court under Subsection (c).

(f) Not later than the 60th day after the date the owner of a proposed manufactured home rental community submits an infrastructure development plan for approval, the county engineer or another person designated by the commissioners court shall approve or reject the plan in writing. If the plan is rejected, the written rejection must specify the reasons for the rejection and the actions required for approval of the plan. The failure to reject a plan within the period prescribed by this subsection constitutes approval of the plan.

(g) Construction of a proposed manufactured home rental community may not begin before the date the county engineer or another person designated by the commissioners court approves the infrastructure development plan. The commissioners court may require inspection of the infrastructure during or on completion of its construction. If a final inspection is required, the final inspection must be completed not later than the second business day after the date the commissioners court or the person designated by the commissioners court receives a written confirmation from the owner that the construction of the infrastructure is complete. If the inspector determines that the infrastructure complies with the infrastructure development plan, the commissioners court shall issue a certificate of compliance not later than the fifth business day after the date the final inspection is completed. If a final inspection is not required, the commissioners court shall issue a certificate of compliance not later than the fifth business day after the date the commissioners court or the person designated by the commissioners court receives written certification from the owner that construction of the infrastructure has been completed in compliance with the infrastructure development plan.

(h) A utility may not provide utility services, including water, sewer, gas, and electric services, to a manufactured home rental community subject to an infrastructure development plan or to a manufactured home in the community unless the owner provides the utility with a copy of the certificate of compliance issued under Subsection (g). This subsection applies only to:

Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987. Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 153, § 1, eff. Aug. 30, 1999.


§ 232.008. Cancellation of Subdivision

(a) This section applies only to real property located outside municipalities and the extraterritorial jurisdiction of municipalities, as determined under Chapter 42.

(b) A person owning real property in this state that has been subdivided into lots and blocks or into small subdivisions may apply to the commissioners court of the county in which the property is located for permission to cancel all or part of the subdivision, including a dedicated easement or roadway, to reestablish the property as acreage tracts as it existed before the subdivision. If, on the application, it is shown that the cancellation of all or part of the subdivision does not interfere with the established rights of any purchaser who owns any part of the subdivision, or it is shown that the purchaser agrees to the cancellation, the commissioners court by order shall authorize the owner of the subdivision to file an instrument canceling the subdivision in whole or in part. The instrument must describe the subdivision or the part of it that is canceled. The court shall enter the order in its minutes. After the cancellation instrument is filed and recorded in the deed records of the county, the county tax assessor-collector shall assess the property as if it had never been subdivided.

(c) The commissioners court shall publish notice of an application for cancellation. The notice must be published in a newspaper, published in the English language, in the county for at least three weeks before the date on which action is taken on the application. The court shall take action on an application at a regular term. The published notice must direct any person who is interested in the property and who wishes to protest the proposed cancellation to appear at the time specified in the notice.

(d) If delinquent taxes are owed on the subdivided tract for any preceding year, and if the application to cancel the subdivision is granted as provided by this section, the owner of the tract may pay the delinquent taxes on an acreage basis as if the tract had not been subdivided. For the purpose of assessing the tract for a preceding year, the county tax assessor-collector shall back assess the tract on an acreage basis.

(e) On application for cancellation of a subdivision or any phase or identifiable part of a subdivision, including a dedicated easement or roadway, by the owners of 75 percent of the property included in the subdivision, phase, or identifiable part, the commissioners court by order shall authorize the cancellation in the manner and after notice and a hearing as provided by Subsections (b) and (c). However, if the owners of at least 10 percent of the property affected by the proposed cancellation file written objections to the cancellation with the court, the grant of an order of cancellation is at the discretion of the court.

(f) To maintain an action to enjoin the cancellation or closing of a roadway or easement in a subdivision, a person must own a lot or part of the subdivision that:

(g) A person who appears before the commissioners court to protest the cancellation of all or part of a subdivision may maintain an action for damages against the person applying for the cancellation and may recover as damages an amount not to exceed the amount of the person's original purchase price for property in the canceled subdivision or part of the subdivision. The person must bring the action within one year after the date of the entry of the commissioners court's order granting the cancellation.

(h) The commissioners court may deny a cancellation under this section if the commissioners court determines the cancellation will prevent the proposed interconnection of infrastructure to pending or existing development.

Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987. Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 129, § 7, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.0083. Cancellation of Certain Subdivision Plats if Existing Plat Obsolete

(a) This section applies only to a subdivision for which:

(b) A person owning real property in the subdivision may apply to the commissioners court of the county in which the property is located for permission to cancel an existing subdivision plat in whole or part and to reestablish the property using lots and blocks descriptions that, to the extent practicable, are consistent with the previous subdivision plat.

(c) After notice and hearing, the commissioners court may order the cancellation of the existing subdivision plat and the reestablishment of the property in accordance with the application submitted under Subsection (b) if the court finds that:

(d) The commissioners court shall publish notice of an application for the cancellation and reestablishment. The notice must be published at least three weeks before the date on which action is taken on the application and must direct any person who is interested in the property and who wishes to protest the proposed cancellation and reestablishment to appear at the time specified in the notice. The notice must be published in a newspaper that has general circulation in the county.

(e) If the commissioners court authorizes the cancellation and reestablishment, the court by order shall authorize the person making the application under this section to record an instrument showing the cancellation and reestablishment. The court shall enter the order in its minutes.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., ch. 232, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2007.


§ 232.0085. Cancellation of Certain Subdivisions if Land Remains Undeveloped

(a) This section applies only to real property located:

(b) The commissioners court of a county may cancel, after notice and a hearing as required by this section, a subdivision for which the plat was filed and approved before September 1, 1989, if:

(c) The commissioners court must publish notice of a proposal to cancel a subdivision under this section and the time and place of the required hearing in a newspaper of general circulation in the county for at least 21 days immediately before the date a cancellation order is adopted under this section. The county tax assessor-collector shall, not later than the 14th day before the date of the hearing, deposit with the United States Postal Service a similar notice addressed to each owner of land in the subdivision, as determined by the most recent county tax roll.

(d) At the hearing, the commissioners court shall permit any interested person to be heard. At the conclusion of the hearing, the court shall adopt an order on whether to cancel the subdivision. The commissioners court may adopt an order canceling a subdivision if the court determines the cancellation is in the best interest of the public. The court may not adopt an order canceling a subdivision if:

(e) The commissioners court shall file the cancellation order for recording in the deed records of the county. After the cancellation order is filed and recorded, the property shall be treated as if it had never been subdivided, and the county chief appraiser shall assess the property accordingly. Any liens against the property shall remain against the property as it was previously subdivided.

(f) In this section:

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 277, § 2, eff. June 5, 1995.

Section 1 of the 1995 Act provides:

(a) The legislature finds that:

(b) The purposes of this Act are to:


§ 232.009. Revision of Plat

(a) This section applies only to real property located outside municipalities and the extraterritorial jurisdiction of municipalities with a population of 1.5 million or more, as determined under Chapter 42.

(b) A person who owns real property in a tract that has been subdivided and that is subject to the subdivision controls of the county in which the property is located may apply in writing to the commissioners court of the county for permission to revise the subdivision plat that applies to the property and that is filed for record with the county clerk.

(c) After the application is filed with the commissioners court, the court shall publish a notice of the application in a newspaper of general circulation in the county. The notice must include a statement of the time and place at which the court will meet to consider the application and to hear protests to the revision of the plat. The notice must be published at least three times during the period that begins on the 30th day and ends on the seventh day before the date of the meeting. Except as provided by Subsection (f), if all or part of the subdivided tract has been sold to nondeveloper owners, the court shall also give notice to each of those owners by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, at the owner's address in the subdivided tract.

(d) During a regular term of the commissioners court, the court shall adopt an order to permit the revision of the subdivision plat if it is shown to the court that:

(e) If the commissioners court permits a person to revise a subdivision plat, the person may make the revision by filing for record with the county clerk a revised plat or part of a plat that indicates the changes made to the original plat.

(f) The commissioners court is not required to give notice by mail under Subsection (c) if the plat revision only combines existing tracts.

Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1987. Amended by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 345, § 6, eff. Aug. 28, 1989; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 129, § 8, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 523, § 9, eff. June 20, 2003.


§ 232.0095. Alternative Procedures for Plat Revision

(a) This section applies only to real property located outside municipalities and outside the extraterritorial jurisdiction, as determined under Chapter 42, of municipalities with a population of 1.5 million or more.

(b) As an alternative to the provisions in Section 232.009 governing the revision of plats, a county by order may adopt the provisions in Sections 212.013, 212.014, 212.015, and 212.016 governing plat vacations, replatting, and plat amendment. A county that adopts the provisions in those sections may approve a plat vacation, a replat, and an amending plat in the same manner and under the same conditions, including the notice and hearing requirements, as a municipal authority responsible for approving plats under those sections.

(c) Instead of the purpose described by Section 212.016(a)(10), an amended plat may be approved and issued by the county to make necessary changes to the preceding plat to create six or fewer lots in the subdivision or a part of the subdivision covered by the preceding plat if:

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 523, § 10, eff. June 20, 2003.; Amended by HB 3410, eff. June 15, 2007.


§ 232.010. Exception to Plat Requirement: County Determination

A commissioners court of the county may allow conveyance of portions of one or more previously platted lots by metes and bounds description without revising the plat.

Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 345, § 7, eff. Aug. 28, 1989.


§ 232.011. Amending Plat

(a) The commissioners court may approve and issue an amending plat, if the amending plat is signed by the applicants and filed for one or more of the following purposes:

(b) The amending plat controls over the preceding plat without the vacation, revision, or cancellation of the preceding plat.

(c) Notice, a hearing, and the approval of other lot owners are not required for the filing, recording, or approval of an amending plat.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., ch. 232, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2007.


CHAPTER 232. COUNTY REGULATION OF SUBDIVISIONS

SUBCHAPTER B. SUBDIVISION PLATTING REQUIREMENTS IN COUNTY NEAR INTERNATIONAL BORDER

Section
232.021. Definitions.
232.022. Applicability.
232.023. Plat Required.
232.024. Approval by County Required.
232.025. Subdivision Requirements.
232.026. Water and Sewer Service Extension.
232.027. Bond Requirements.
232.028. Certification Regarding Compliance With Plat Requirements.
232.029. Connection of Utilities in Counties within 50 miles of International Border.
232.0291. Connection of Utilities in Certain Counties within 100 miles of International Border
232.030. Subdivision Regulation; County Authority.
232.0305. County Inspector.
232.031. Requirements Prior to Sale or Lease.
232.032. Services Provided by Subdivider.
232.033. Advertising Standards and Other Requirements Before Sale; Offense.
232.034. Conflict of Interest; Penalty.
232.035. Civil Penalties.
232.036. Criminal Penalties.
232.037. Enforcement.
232.038. Suit by Private Person in Economically Distressed Area.
232.039. Cancellation of Subdivision.
232.040. Replatting.
232.041. Revision of Plat.
232.042. Variances From Replatting Requirements.
232.043. Variances From Platting Requirements.


§ 232.021. Definitions

In this subchapter:

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995. Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, § 18.35, eff. Sept. 1, 1999; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 4, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Historical Note: Subchapter B was added to the Local Government Code by HB 1001 in 1995. See Acts, 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, eff. June 16, 1995.

Section 1 of HB 1001 states as follows:

Section 1. LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS.


§ 232.022. Applicability

(a) This subchapter applies only to:

(b) This subchapter applies only to land that is subdivided into two or more lots that are intended primarily for residential use in the jurisdiction of the county. A lot is presumed to be intended for residential use if the lot is five acres or less. This subchapter does not apply if the subdivision is incident to the conveyance of the land as a gift between persons related to each other within the third degree by affinity or consanguinity, as determined under Chapter 573, Government Code.

(c) Except as provided by Subsection (c-1), for purposes of this section, land is considered to be in the jurisdiction of a county if the land is located in the county and outside the corporate limits of municipalities.

(c-1) Land in a municipality's extraterritorial jurisdiction is not considered to be in the jurisdiction of a county for purposes of this section if the municipality and the county have entered into a written agreement under Section 242.001 that authorizes the municipality to regulate subdivision plats and approve related permits in the municipality's extraterritorial jurisdiction.

(d) This subchapter does not apply if each of the lots of the subdivision is 10 or more acres.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 376, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 5, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 737, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 708, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2005.


§ 232.023. Plat Required

(a) A subdivider of land must have a plat of the subdivision prepared. A subdivision of a tract under this subsection includes a subdivision of real property by any method of conveyance, including a contract for deed, oral contract, contract of sale, or other type of executory contract, regardless of whether the subdivision is made by using a metes and bounds description.

(b) A plat required under this section must:

(c) A subdivider may meet the requirements of Subsection (b)(12)(B) through the use of a certificate issued by the appropriate county or state official having jurisdiction over the approval of septic systems stating that lots in the subdivision can be adequately and legally served by septic systems.

(d) The subdivider of the tract must acknowledge the plat by signing the plat and attached documents and attest to the veracity and completeness of the matters asserted in the attached documents and in the plat.

(e) The plat must be filed and recorded with the county clerk of the county in which the tract is located. The plat is subject to the filing and recording provisions of Section 12.002, Property Code.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 6, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.024. Approval by County Required

(a) A plat filed under Section 232.023 is not valid unless the commissioners court of the county in which the land is located approves the plat by an order entered in the minutes of the court. The commissioners court shall refuse to approve a plat if it does not meet the requirements prescribed by or under this subchapter or if any bond required under this subchapter is not filed with the county clerk.

(b) If any part of a plat applies to land intended for residential housing and any part of that land lies in a floodplain, the commissioners court shall not approve the plat unless the plat evidences a restrictive covenant as required by this subsection. The restrictive covenant shall prohibit the construction of residential housing in any area of the subdivision that is in a floodplain unless the housing qualifies for insurance under the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. Sections 4001 through 4127).

(c) On request, the county clerk shall provide the attorney general or the Texas Water Development Board:

(d) The commissioners court of the county in which the land is located may establish a planning commission as provided by Subchapter D. The planning commission, including its findings and decisions, is subject to the same provisions applicable to the commissioners court under this subchapter, including Section 232.034 relating to conflicts of interest.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 7, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.025. Subdivision Requirements

By an order adopted and entered in the minutes of the commissioners court, and after a notice is published in English and Spanish in a newspaper of general circulation in the county, the commissioners court shall for each subdivision:

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16 1995.


§ 232.026. Water and Sewer Service Extension

(a) The commissioners court may extend, beyond the date specified on the plat or on the document attached to the plat, the date by which the water and sewer service facilities must be fully operable if the commissioners court finds the extension is reasonable and not contrary to the public interest.

(b) The commissioners court may not grant an extension under Subsection (a) if it would allow an occupied residence to be without water or sewer services.

(c) If the commissioners court provides an extension, the commissioners court shall notify the attorney general of the extension and the reason for the extension. The attorney general shall notify all other state agencies having enforcement power over subdivisions of the extension.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 8, eff. Sept. 1, 1999
.


§ 232.027. Bond Requirements

(a) Unless a person has completed the installation of all water and sewer service facilities required by this subchapter on the date that person applies for final approval of a plat under Section 232.024, the commissioners court shall require the subdivider of the tract to execute and maintain in effect a bond or, in the alternative, a person may make a cash deposit in an amount the commissioners court determines will ensure compliance with this subchapter. A person may not meet the requirements of this subsection through the use of a letter of credit unless that letter of credit is irrevocable and issued by an institution guaranteed by the FDIC. The subdivider must comply with the requirement before subdividing the tract.

(b) The bond must be conditioned on the construction or installation of water and sewer service facilities that will be in compliance with the model rules adopted under Section 16.343, Water Code.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.


§ 232.028. Certification Regarding Compliance With Plat Requirements

(a) On the approval of a plat by the commissioners court, the commissioners court shall issue to the person applying for the approval a certificate stating that the plat has been reviewed and approved by the commissioners court.

(b) On the written request of a subdivider, an owner or resident of a lot in a subdivision, or an entity that provides a utility service, the commissioners court shall make the following determinations regarding the land in which the entity or commissioners court is interested that is located within the jurisdiction of the county:

(c) The request made under Subsection (b) must identify the land that is the subject of the request.

(d) Whenever a request is made under Subsection (b), the commissioners court shall issue the requesting party a written certification of its determinations under that subsection.

(e) The commissioners court shall make its determinations within 20 days after the date it receives the request under Subsection (b) and shall issue the certificate, if appropriate, within 10 days after the date the determinations are made.

(f) The commissioners court may adopt rules it considers necessary to administer its duties under this section.

(g) The commissioners court may impose a fee for a certificate issued under this section for a subdivision part of which is located in the extraterritorial jurisdiction of a municipality and part of which is not located in the extraterritorial jurisdiction of the municipality. The amount of the fee may be the greater of $30 or the amount of the fee imposed by the municipality for a subdivision that is located entirely in the extraterritorial jurisdiction of the municipality for a certificate issued under Section 212.0115. A person who obtains a certificate under this section is not required to obtain a certificate under Section 212.0115.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.; Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 129, § 9, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.; Amended by H.B. 3834, eff. June 15, 2007.


§ 232.029. Connection of Utilities in Counties within 50 miles of International Border

(a) This section applies only to a county defined under Section 232.022(a)(1).

(a-1) Except as provided by Subsection (c) or Section 232.037(c), a utility may not serve or connect any subdivided land with water or sewer services unless the utility receives a certificate issued by the commissioners court under Section 232.028(a) or receives a determination from the commissioners court under Section 232.028(b)(1) that the plat has been reviewed and approved by the commissioners court.

(b) Except as provided by Subsections (c) and (k) or Section 232.037(c), a utility may not serve or connect any subdivided land with electricity or gas unless the entity receives a determination from the county commissioners court under Section 232.028(b)(2) that adequate water and sewer services have been installed to service the subdivision.

(c) An electric, gas, water, or sewer service utility may serve or connect subdivided land with water, sewer, electricity, gas, or other utility service regardless of whether the utility receives a certificate issued by the commissioners court under Section 232.028(a) or receives a determination from the commissioners court under Section 232.028(b) if the utility is provided with a certificate issued by the commissioners court that states that:

(d) A utility may provide utility service to subdivided land described by Subsection (c)(1) only if the person requesting service:

(e) A person requesting service may obtain a certificate under Subsection (c)(1) only if the person provides to the commissioners court either:

(f) A person requesting service may obtain a certificate under Subsection (c)(2) only if the person provides to the commissioners court an affidavit that states that the property was not sold or conveyed to that person from a subdivider or the subdivider's agent:

(g) On request, the commissioners court shall provide to the attorney general and any appropriate local, county, or state law enforcement official a copy of any document on which the commissioners court relied in determining the legality of providing service.

(h) This section may not be construed to abrogate any civil or criminal proceeding or prosecution or to waive any penalty against a subdivider for a violation of a state or local law, regardless of the date on which the violation occurred.

(i) The prohibition established by this section shall not prohibit an electric or gas utility from providing electric or gas utility connection or service to a lot being sold, conveyed, or purchased through a contract for deed or executory contract or other device by a subdivider prior to July 1, 1995, which is located within a subdivision where the utility has previously established service and was subdivided by a plat approved prior to September 1, 1989.

(j) In this section, "foundation" means the lowest division of a residence, usually consisting of a masonry slab or a pier and beam structure, that is partly or wholly below the surface of the ground and on which the residential structure rests.

(k) Subject to Subsections (l) and (m), a utility that does not hold a certificate issued by, or has not received a determination from, the commissioners court under Section 232.028 to serve or connect subdivided property with electricity or gas may provide that service to a single-family residential dwelling on that property if:

(l) A utility may provide service under Subsection (k) only if the person requesting the service provides to the commissioners court documentation that evidences compliance with the requirements of Subsection (k) and that is satisfactory to the commissioners court.

(m) A utility may not serve or connect subdivided property as described by Subsection (k) if, on or after September 1, 2007, any existing improvements on that property are modified.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.; Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1062, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1997; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 9, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.; Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 984, § 1, Sept. 1, 2001.; Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 708, § 3, 4, eff. Sept. 1, 2005.; Amended by H.B. 2096, eff. Sept. 1, 2007.


§ 232.0291. Connection of Utilities in Certain Counties within 100 miles of International Border

(a) This section applies only to a county defined under Section 232.022(a)(2).

(b) Except as provided by Subsection (d) or Section 232.037(c), a utility may not serve or connect any subdivided land with water or sewer services unless the utility receives a certificate issued by the commissioners court under Section 232.028(a) or receives a determination from the commissioners court under Section 232.028(b)(1) that the plat has been reviewed and approved by the commissioners court.

(c) Except as provided by Subsection (d) or Section 232.037(c), a utility may not serve or connect any subdivided land with electricity or gas unless the entity receives a determination from the county commissioners court under Section 232.028(b)(2) that adequate water and sewer services have been installed to service the subdivision.

(d) An electric, gas, water, or sewer service utility may serve or connect subdivided land with water, sewer, electricity, gas, or other utility service regardless of wether the utility receives a certificate issued by the commissioners court under Section 232.028(a) or receives a determination from the commissioners court under Section 232.028(b) if the utility is provided with a certificate issued by the commissioners court that states that:

(e) A utility may provide utility service to subdivided land described by Subsection (d)(1) only if the person requesting service:

(f) A person requesting service may obtain a certificate under Subsection (d)(1) only if the person provides to the commissioners court either:

(g) A person requesting service may obtain a certificate under Subsection (d)(2) only if the person provides to the commissioners court an affidavit that states that the property was not sold or conveyed to that person from a subdivider or the subdivider's agaent after September 1, 2005.

(h) On request, the commissioners court shall provide to the attorney general and any appropriate local, county, or state law enforcement official a copy of any document on which the commissioners court relied in determining the legality of providing service.

(i) This section may not be construed to abrogate any civil or criminal proceeding or prosecution or to waive any penalty against a subdivider for a violation of a state or local law, regardless of the date on which the violation occurred.

(j) The prohibition established by this section does not prohibit an electric or gas utility from providing electric or gas utility connection or service to a lot:

(k) In this section, "foundation" means the lowest division of a residence, usually consisting of a masonry slab or a pier and beam structure, that is partly or wholly below the surface of the ground and on which the residential structure rests.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 708, § 5, eff. Sept. 1, 2005.


§ 232.030. Subdivision Regulation; County Authority

(a) The commissioners court for each county shall adopt and enforce the model rules developed under Section 16.343, Water Code.

(b) Except as provided by Section 16.350(d), Water Code, or Section 232.042 or 232.043, the commissioners court may not grant a variance or adopt regulations that waive any requirements of this subchapter.

(c) The commissioners court shall adopt regulations setting forth requirements for:

(d) In adopting regulations under Subsection (c)(2), the commissioners court may allow one or more commercial providers to provide solid waste disposal services as an alternative to having the service provided by the county.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 10, eff. Sept. 1, 1999
.


§ 232.0305. County Inspector

(a) The commissioners court may impose a fee on a subdivider of property under this subchapter for an inspection of the property to ensure compliance with the subdivision regulations adopted under this subchapter, Section 16.343, Water Code, or other law.

(b) Fees collected under this section may be used only to fund inspections conducted under this section.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 11, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.031. Requirements Prior to Sale or Lease

(a) Except as provided by Subsection (d), a subdivider may not sell or lease land in a subdivision first platted or replatted after July 1, 1995, unless the subdivision plat is approved by the commissioners court in accordance with Section 232.024.

(b) Not later than the 30th day after the date a lot is sold, a subdivider shall record with the county clerk all sales contracts, including the attached disclosure statement required by Section 232.033, leases, and any other documents that convey an interest in the subdivided land.

(c) A document filed under Subsection (b) is a public record.

(d) In a county defined under Section 232.022(a)(2), a subdivider may not sell or lease land in a subdivision first platted or replatted after September 1, 2005, unless the subdivision plat is approved by the commissioners court in accordance with Section 232.024

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.; Amended by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 708, § 6, eff. September 1, 2005.


§ 232.032. Services Provided by Subdivider

A subdivider having an approved plat for a subdivision shall:

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.


§ 232.033. Advertising Standards and Other Requirements Before Sale; Offense

(a) Brochures, publications, and advertising of any form relating to subdivided land:

(b) The subdivider shall provide a copy in Spanish of all written documents relating to the sale of subdivided land under an executory contract, including the contract, disclosure notice, and annual statement required by this section and a notice of default required by Subchapter D, Chapter 5, Property Code, if:

(c) Before an executory contract is signed by the purchaser, the subdivider shall provide the purchaser with a written notice, which must be attached to the executory contract, informing the purchaser of the condition of the property that must, at a minimum, be executed by the subdivider and purchaser, be acknowledged, and read substantially similar to the following:

WARNING

IF ANY OF THE ITEMS BELOW HAVE NOT BEEN CHECKED, YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO LIVE ON THE PROPERTY.
CONCERNING THE PROPERTY AT (street address or legal description and municipality)
THIS DOCUMENT STATES THE TRUE FACTS ABOUT THE LAND YOU ARE CONSIDERING PURCHASING.
CHECK OFF THE ITEMS THAT ARE TRUE:

___ The property is in a recorded subdivision.
___ The property has water service that provides potable water.
___ The property has sewer service or a septic system.
___ The property has electric service.
___ The property is not in a flood-prone area.
___ The roads are paved.
___ No person other than the subdivider:
    (1) owns the property;
    (2) has a claim of ownership to the property; or
    (3) has an interest in the property.
___ No person has a lien filed against the property.
___ There are no back taxes owed on the property.

NOTICE

SELLER ADVISES PURCHASER TO:

__________  _____________________________

 (Date)       (Signature of Subdivider)

__________  _____________________________

 (Date)       (Signature of Purchaser)

(d) The subdivider shall provide any purchaser who is sold a lot under an executory contract with an annual statement in January of each year for the term of the executory contract. If the subdivider mails the statement to the purchaser, the statement must be postmarked not later than January 31.

(e) The statement under Subsection (d) must include the following information:

(f) If the subdivider fails to comply with Subsections (d) and (e), the purchaser may:

(g) A purchaser who makes a deduction under Subsection (f) is not required to reimburse the subdivider for the amount deducted.

(h) A person who is a seller of lots in a subdivision, or a subdivider or an agent of a seller or subdivider, commits an offense if the person knowingly authorizes or assists in the publication, advertising, distribution, or circulation of any statement or representation that the person knows is false concerning any subdivided land offered for sale or lease. An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. July 1, 1995.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, § 13.17, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.034. Conflict of Interest; Penalty

(a) In this section, "subdivided tract" means a tract of land, as a whole, that is subdivided into tracts or lots. The term does not mean an individual lot in a subdivided tract of land.

(b) A person has an interest in a subdivided tract if the person:

(c) A person also is considered to have an interest in a subdivided tract if the person is related in the second degree by consanguinity or affinity, as determined under Chapter 573, Government Code, to a person who, under Subsection (b), has an interest in the tract.

(d) If a member of the commissioners court has an interest in a subdivided tract, the member shall file, before a vote or decision regarding the approval of a plat for the tract, an affidavit with the county clerk stating the nature and extent of the interest and shall abstain from further participation in the matter. The affidavit must be filed with the county clerk.

(e) A member of the commissioners court of a county commits an offense if the member violates Subsection (d). An offense under this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.

(f) The finding by a court of a violation of this section does not render voidable an action of the commissioners court unless the measure would not have passed the commissioners court but for the vote of the member who violated this section.

(g) A conviction under Subsection (e) constitutes official misconduct by the member and is grounds for removal from office.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.


§ 232.035. Civil Penalties

(a) A subdivider or an agent of a subdivider may not cause, suffer, allow, or permit a lot to be sold in a subdivision if the subdivision has not been platted as required by this subchapter.

(b) Notwithstanding any other remedy at law or equity, a subdivider or an agent of a subdivider may not cause, suffer, allow, or permit any part of a subdivision over which the subdivider or an agent of the subdivider has control, or a right of ingress and egress, to become a public health nuisance as defined by Section 341.011, Health and Safety Code.

(c) A subdivider who fails to provide, in the time and manner described in the plat, for the construction or installation of water or sewer service facilities described on the plat or on the document attached to the plat or who otherwise violates this subchapter or a rule or requirement adopted by the commissioners court under this subchapter is subject to a civil penalty of not less than $500 or more than $1,000 for each violation and for each day of a continuing violation but not to exceed $5,000 each day and shall also pay court costs, investigative costs, and attorney's fees for the governmental entity bringing the suit.

(d) Except as provided by Subsection (e), a person who violates Subsection (a) or (b) is subject to a civil penalty of not less than $10,000 or more than $15,000 for each lot conveyed or each subdivision that becomes a nuisance. The person must also pay court costs, investigative costs, and attorney's fees for the governmental entity bringing the suit.

(e) A person who violates Subsection (b) is not subject to a fine under Subsection (d) if the person corrects the nuisance not later than the 30th day after the date the person receives notice from the attorney general or a local health authority of the nuisance.

(f) Venue for an action under this section is in a district court of Travis County, a district court in the county in which the defendant resides, or a district court in the county in which the violation or threat of violation occurs.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 12, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.036. Criminal Penalties

(a) A subdivider commits an offense if the subdivider knowingly fails to file a plat required by this subchapter. An offense under this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.

(b) A subdivider who owns a subdivision commits an offense if the subdivider knowingly fails to timely provide for the construction or installation of water or sewer service as required by Section 232.032 or fails to make a reasonable effort to have electric utility service and gas utility service installed by a utility as required by Section 232.032. An offense under this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.

(c) If it is shown at the trial of an offense under Subsection (a) that the defendant caused five or more residences in the subdivision to be inhabited, the offense is a state jail felony.

(d) A subdivider commits an offense if the subdivider allows the conveyance of a lot in the subdivision without the appropriate water and sewer utilities as required by Section 232.032 or without having made a reasonable effort to have electric utility service and gas utility service installed by a utility as required by Section 232.032. An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor. Each lot conveyed constitutes a separate offense.

(e) Venue for prosecution for a violation under this section is in the county in which any element of the violation is alleged to have occurred or in Travis County.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.


§ 232.037. Enforcement

(a) The attorney general, or the district attorney, criminal district attorney, county attorney with felony responsibilities, or county attorney of the county may take any action necessary in a court of competent jurisdiction on behalf of the state or on behalf of residents to:

(b) The attorney general, at the request of the district or county attorney with jurisdiction, may conduct a criminal prosecution under Section 232.033(h) or 232.036.

(c) During the pendency of any enforcement action brought, any resident of the affected subdivision, or the attorney general, district attorney, or county attorney on behalf of a resident, may file a motion against the provider of utilities to halt termination of pre-existing utility services. The services may not be terminated if the court makes an affirmative finding after hearing the motion that termination poses a threat to public health, safety, or welfare of the residents.

(d) This subchapter is subject to the applicable enforcement provisions prescribed by Sections 16.352, 16.353, 16.354, and 16.3545, Water Code.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, §§ 13, 14, eff. Sept. 1, 1999
.


§ 232.038. Suit by Private Person in Economically Distressed Area

(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a person who has purchased or is purchasing a lot after July 1, 1995, in a subdivision for residential purposes that does not have water and sewer services as required by this subchapter and is located in an economically distressed area, as defined by Section 17.921, Water Code, from a subdivider, may bring suit in the district court in which the property is located or in a district court in Travis County to:

(b) If the lot is located in a county defined under Section 232.022(a)(2), a person may only bring suit under Subsection (a) if the person purchased or is purchasing the lot after September 1, 2005.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.; Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 15, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.; Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 708, §7, eff. Sept. 1, 2005. Amended by SB 781, eff. June 15, 2007.


§ 232.039. Cancellation of Subdivision

(a) A subdivider of land may apply to the commissioners court to cancel all or part of the subdivision in the manner provided by Section 232.008 after notice and hearing as provided by this section.

(b) A resident of a subdivision for which the subdivider has applied for cancellation under Subsection (a) has the same rights as a purchaser of land under Section 232.008.

(c) The notice required by Section 232.008(c) must also be published in Spanish in the newspaper of highest circulation and in a Spanish-language newspaper in the county if available.

(d) Not later than the 14th day before the date of the hearing, the county chief appraiser shall by regular and certified mail provide notice containing the information described by Section 232.008(c) to:

(e) The commissioners court may require a subdivider to provide the court with the name and last known address of each person with an interest in the property. For purposes of this subsection, a person residing on a lot purchased through an executory contract has an interest in the property.

(f) A person who fails to provide information requested under Subsection (e) before the 31st day after the date the request is made is liable to the state for a penalty of $500 for each week the person fails to provide the information.

(g) The commissioners court may cancel a subdivision only after a public hearing. At the hearing, the commissioners court shall permit any interested person to be heard. At the conclusion of the hearing, the commissioners court shall adopt an order on whether to cancel the subdivision.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 16, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.040. Replatting

(a) A subdivision plat must accurately reflect the subdivision as it develops. If there is any change, either by the intentional act of the subdivider or by the forces of nature, including changes in the size or dimension of lots or the direction or condition of the roads, a plat must be revised in accordance with Section 232.041.

(b) Except as provided by Subsection (c), a lot in a subdivision may not be sold if the lot lacks water and sewer services as required by this subchapter unless the lot is platted or replatted as required by this subchapter. A subdivider or agent of a subdivider may not transfer a lot through an executory contract or other similar conveyance to evade the requirements of this subchapter. The prohibition in this subsection includes the sale of a lot:

(c) Subsection (b) does not apply if a seller other than a subdivider or agent of a subdivider resides on the lot.

(d) The attorney general or a district or county attorney with jurisdiction may bring a proceeding under Subsection (b).

(e) Existing utility services to a subdivision that must be platted or replatted under this section may not be terminated under Section 232.029 or 232.0291.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.; Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 17, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.; Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 708, § 8, eff. Sept. 1, 2005.


§ 232.041. Revision of Plat

(a) A person who has subdivided land that is subject to the subdivision controls of the county in which the land is located may apply in writing to the commissioners court of the county for permission to revise the subdivision plat filed for record with the county clerk.

(b) After the application is filed with the commissioners court, the court shall publish a notice of the application in a newspaper of general circulation in the county. The notice must include a statement of the time and place at which the court will meet to consider the application and to hear protests to the revision of the plat. The notice must be published at least three times during the period that begins on the 30th day and ends on the seventh day before the date of the meeting. If all or part of the subdivided tract has been sold to nondeveloper owners, the court shall also give notice to each of those owners by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, at the owner's address in the subdivided tract.

(c) During a regular term of the commissioners court, the court shall adopt an order to permit the revision of the subdivision plat if it is shown to the court that:

(d) If the commissioners court permits a person to revise a subdivision plat, the person may make the revision by filing for record with the county clerk a revised plat or part of a plat that indicates the changes made to the original plat.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.


§ 232.042. Variances From Replatting Requirements

(a) On request of a subdivider or resident purchaser, the commissioners court may grant a delay or a variance from compliance with Section 232.040 as provided by this section.

(b) The commissioners court may grant a delay of two years if the reason for the delay is to install utilities. A person may apply for one renewal of a delay under this subsection. To obtain an initial delay under this subsection, a subdivider must:

(c) The commissioners court may grant a delay or a variance for a reason other than a reason described by Subsection (b) if it is shown that compliance would be impractical or would be contrary to the health and safety of residents of the subdivision. The commissioners court must issue written findings stating the reasons why compliance is impractical.

(d) A delay or a variance granted by the commissioners court is valid only if the commissioners court notifies the attorney general of the delay or variance and the reasons for the delay or variance not later than the 30th day after the date the commissioners court grants the delay or variance.

(e) Until approved water and sewer services are made available to the subdivision, the subdivider of land for which a delay is granted under this section must provide at no cost to residents:

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 979, § 4, eff. June 16, 1995.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 18, eff. Sept. 1, 1999
.


§ 232.043. Variances From Platting Requirements

(a) On the request of a subdivider who created an unplatted subdivision or a resident purchaser of a lot in the subdivision, the commissioners court of a county may grant:

(b) If the commissioners court makes a written finding that the subdivider who created the unplatted subdivision no longer owns property in the subdivision, the commissioners court may grant a delay or variance under this section only if:

(c) If the commissioners court makes a written finding that the subdivider who created the unplatted subdivision owns property in the subdivision, the commissioners court may grant a provisional delay or variance only if the requirements of Subsection (b) are satisfied. The commissioners court may issue a final grant of the delay or variance only if the commissioners court has not received objections from the attorney general before the 91st day after the date the commissioners court submits the record of its proceedings to the attorney general as prescribed by Subsection (d).

(d) If the commissioners court grants a delay or variance under this section, the commissioners court shall:

(e) The failure of the attorney general to comment or object to a delay or variance granted under this section does not constitute a waiver of or consent to the validity of the delay or variance granted.

(f) This section does not affect a civil suit filed against, a criminal prosecution of, or the validity of a penalty imposed on a subdivider for a violation of law, regardless of the date on which the violation occurred.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 19, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.; Amended by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 708, § 9, eff. Sept. 1, 2005.


§ 232.044. Amending Plat

The commissioners court may approve and issue an amending plat under this subchapter in the same manner, for the same purposes, and subject to the same related provisions as provided by Section 232.011.

Added by Acts 2007, 81th Leg., eff. Sept. 1, 2007.


SUBCHAPTER C. SUBDIVISION PLATTING REQUIREMENTS IN CERTAIN ECONOMICALLY DISTRESSED COUNTIES

Section
232.071. Applicability.
232.072. Plat Required.
232.073. Approval by County Required.
232.074. Bond Requirements.
232.075. Water and Sewer Service Extension.
232.076. Certification Regarding Compliance with Plat Requirements.
232.077. Connections of Utilities in Certain Counties.
232.0775. County Inspector.
232.078. Conflict of Interest; Penalty.
232.079. Civil Penalties.
232.080. Enforcement.


§ 232.071. Applicability

This subchapter applies only to the subdivision of land located:

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 377, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.; Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 21, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.; Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 927, § 14, eff. Sept. 1, 2005.


§ 232.072. Plat Required

(a) The owner of a tract of land that divides the tract in any manner that creates lots of five acres or less intended for residential purposes must have a plat of the subdivision prepared. A subdivision of a tract under this section includes a subdivision of real property by any method of conveyance, including a contract for deed, oral contract, contract of sale, or other type of executory contract, regardless of whether the subdivision is made by using a metes and bounds description.

(b) A plat required under this section must:

(c) A plat required under this section must be filed and recorded with the county clerk of the county in which the tract is located. The plat is subject to the filing and recording provisions of Section 12.002, Property Code.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 377, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.


§ 232.073. Approval by County Required

(a) A plat filed under Section 232.072 is not valid unless the commissioners court of the county in which the land is located approves the plat by an order entered in the minutes of the court. The commissioners court shall refuse to approve a plat if it does not meet the requirements prescribed by or under this subchapter or if any bond required under this subchapter is not filed with the county clerk.

(b) The commissioners court of the county in which the land is located may establish a planning commission as provided by Subchapter D. The planning commission, including its findings and decisions, is subject to the same provisions applicable to the commissioners court under this subchapter, including Section 232.078 relating to conflicts of interest.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 377, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 22, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.074. Bond Requirements

(a) Unless a person has completed the installation of all water and sewer service facilities required by this subchapter on the date that person applies for final approval of a plat under Section 232.073, the commissioners court shall require the subdivider of the tract to execute and maintain in effect a bond or, in the alternative, a person may make a cash deposit in an amount the commissioners court determines will ensure compliance with this subchapter. A person may not meet the requirements of this subsection through the use of a letter of credit unless that letter of credit is irrevocable and issued by an institution guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The subdivider must comply with the requirement before subdividing the tract.

(b) The bond must be conditioned on the construction or installation of water and sewer service facilities that will be in compliance with the model rules adopted under Section 16.343, Water Code.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 377, § 1, eff. Sept 1, 1997.


§ 232.075. Water and Sewer Service Extension

(a) The commissioners court may extend, beyond the date specified on the plat or on the document attached to the plat, the date by which the water and sewer service facilities must be fully operable if the commissioners court finds the extension is reasonable and not contrary to the public interest.

(b) The commissioners court may not grant an extension under Subsection (a) if it would allow an occupied residence to be without water or sewer services.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 377, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.


§ 232.076. Certification Regarding Compliance With Plat Requirements

(a) On the approval of a plat by the commissioners court, the commissioners court shall issue to the person applying for the approval a certificate stating that the plat has been reviewed and approved by the commissioners court.

(b) On its own motion or on the written request of a subdivider, an owner or resident of a lot in a subdivision, or an entity that provides a utility service, the commissioners court shall:

(c) The request made under Subsection (b) must adequately identify the land that is the subject of the request.

(d) Whenever a request is made under Subsection(b), the commissioners court shall issue the requesting party a written certification of its determinations.

(e) The commissioners court shall make its determinations within 20 days after the date it receives the request under Subsection (b) and shall issue the certificate, if appropriate, within 10 days after the date the determinations are made.

(f) The commissioners court may adopt rules it considers necessary to administer its duties under this section.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 377, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.


§ 232.077. Connection of Utilities in Certain Counties

(a) This section applies only to a tract of land for which a plat is required under this subchapter.

(b) An entity described by Subsection (c) may not serve or connect any land with water, sewer, electricity, gas, or other utility service unless the entity has been presented with or otherwise holds a certificate applicable to the land issued under Section 232.076 stating that a plat has been reviewed and approved for the land.

(c) The prohibition established by Subsection (b) applies only to:

(d) The prohibition established by Subsection (b) applies only to land that an entity described by Subsection (c) first serves or first connects with services:

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 377, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, § 18.36, eff. Sept. 1, 1999
.


§ 232.0775. County Inspector

(a) The commissioners court may impose a fee on a subdivider of property under this subchapter for an inspection of the property to ensure compliance with the subdivision regulations adopted under this subchapter, Section 16.343, Water Code, or other law.

(b) Fees collected under this section may be used only to fund inspections conducted under this section.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 23, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.078. Conflict of Interest; Penalty

(a) In this section, "subdivided tract" means a tract of land, as a whole, that is subdivided into tracts or lots. The term does not mean an individual lot in a subdivided tract of land.

(b) A person has an interest in a subdivided tract if the person:

(c) A person also is considered to have an interest in a subdivided tract if the person is related in the second degree by consanguinity or affinity, as determined under Chapter 573, Government Code, to a person who, under Subsection (b), has an interest in the tract.

(d) If a member of the commissioners court has an interest in a subdivided tract, the member shall file, before a vote or decision regarding the approval of a plat for the tract, an affidavit with the county clerk stating the nature and extent of the interest and shall abstain from further participation in the matter. The affidavit must be filed with the county clerk.

(e) A member of the commissioners court of a county commits an offense if the member violates Subsection (d). An offense under this subsection is a Class A misdemeanor.

(f) The finding by a court of a violation of this section does not render voidable an action of the commissioners court unless the measure would not have passed the commissioners court but for the vote of the member who violated this section.

(g) A conviction under Subsection (e) constitutes official misconduct by the member and is grounds for removal from office.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 377, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.


§ 232.079. Civil Penalties

(a) A subdivider or an agent of a subdivider may not cause, suffer, allow, or permit a lot to be sold in a subdivision if the subdivision has not been platted as required by this subchapter.

(b) A subdivider who fails to provide, in the time and manner described in the plat, for the construction or installation of water or sewer service facilities described on the plat or on the document attached to the plat or who otherwise violates this subchapter or a rule or requirement adopted by the commissioners court under this subchapter is subject to a civil penalty of not less than $500 or more than $1,000 for each violation and for each day of a continuing violation but not to exceed $5,000 each day and shall also pay court costs, investigative costs, and attorney's fees for the governmental entity bringing the suit.

(c) Venue for an action under this section is in a district court of Travis County, a district court in the county in which the defendant resides, or a district court in the county in which the violation or threat of violation occurs.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 377, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.


§ 232.080. Enforcement

(a) The attorney general, or the district attorney, criminal district attorney, or county attorney, may take any action necessary in a court of competent jurisdiction on behalf of the state or on behalf of residents to:

(b) During the pendency of any enforcement action brought, any resident of the affected subdivision, or the attorney general, district attorney, or county attorney on behalf of a resident, may file a motion against the provider of utilities to halt termination of preexisting utility services. The services may not be terminated if the court makes an affirmative finding after hearing the motion that termination poses a threat to public health or to the health, safety, or welfare of the residents. This subsection does not prohibit a provider of utilities from terminating services under other law to a resident who has failed to timely pay for services.

(c) This subchapter is subject to the applicable enforcement provisions prescribed by Sections 16.352, 16.353, 16.354, and 16.3545, Water Code.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 377, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.
Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 24, eff. Sept. 1, 1999
.


§ 232.081. Amending Plat

The commissioners court may approve and issue an amending plat under this subchapter in the same manner, for the same purposes, and subject to the same related provisions as provided by Section 232.011.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., eff. Sept. 1, 2007.


SUBCHAPTER D. COUNTY PLANNING COMMISSION

Section
232.091. Applicability.
232.092. Establishment and Abolition of Planning Commission.
232.093. Appointment of Members of Planning Commission.
232.094. Financial Disclosure.
232.095. Officers, Quorum, and Meetings.
232.096. Timely Approval of Plats.
232.097. Reasons for Disapproval of Plat Required.


§ 232.091. Applicability

This subchapter applies only to a county:

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 25, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§232.092. Establishment and Abolition of Planning Commission

(a) To promote the general public welfare, the commissioners court of a county by order may:

(b) The commissioners court may authorize the planning commission to act on behalf of the commissioners court in matters relating to:

(c) If the commissioners court establishes a planning commission, the commissioners court by order shall adopt reasonable rules and procedures necessary to administer this subchapter.

(d) This subchapter does not grant a commissioners court or a planning commission the power to regulate the use of property for which a permit has been issued to engage in a federally licensed activity.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 25, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.093. Appointment of Members of Planning Commission

(a) The commissioners court may appoint a planning commission consisting of five members. Members are appointed for staggered terms of two years.

(b) A person appointed as a member of the planning commission must be a citizen of the United States and reside in the county.

(c) The commissioners court shall file with the county clerk a certificate of appointment for each commission member.

(d) The commissioners court shall fill any vacancy on the commission.

(e) Before a planning commission member undertakes the duties of the office, the member must:

(f) A member of the planning commission serves at the pleasure of the commissioners court and is subject to removal as provided by Chapter 87.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 25, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.094. Financial Disclosure

(a) A member of the planning commission shall file a financial disclosure report in the same manner as required for county officers under Subchapter B, Chapter 159.

(b) If the commissioners court of the county in which the planning commission member serves has not adopted a financial disclosure reporting system under Subchapter B, Chapter 159, the planning commission member shall file a financial disclosure report in the same manner as required for county officers under Subchapter A, Chapter 159.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 25, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.095. Officers, Quorum, and Meetings

(a) At the first meeting of each calendar year, the planning commission shall elect a presiding officer and assistant presiding officer. The presiding officer presides over the meetings and executes all documentation required on behalf of the planning commission. The assistant presiding officer represents the presiding officer during the presiding officer's absence.

(b) There is no limitation on the number of terms a member may serve on the commission.

(c) Minutes of the planning commission's proceedings must be filed with the county clerk or other county officer or employee designated by the commissioners court. The minutes of the planning commission's proceedings are a public record.

(d) The planning commission is subject to Chapters 551 and 552, Government Code.

(e) The planning commission may adopt rules necessary to administer this subchapter. Rules adopted under this subsection are subject to approval by the commissioners court.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 25, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.096. Timely Approval of Plats

(a) The planning commission shall issue a written list of the documentation and other information that must be submitted with a plat application. The documentation or other information must relate to a requirement authorized by law. An application submitted to the planning commission that contains the documents and other information on the list is considered complete.

(b) If a person submits an incomplete plat application to the planning commission, the planning commission or its designee shall, not later than the 15th business day after the date the planning commission or its designee receives the application, notify the applicant of the missing documents or other information. The planning commission or its designee shall allow an applicant to timely submit the missing documents or other information.

(c) An application is considered complete on the date all documentation and other information required by Subsection (a) is received by the planning commission.

(d) If the approval of the plat is within the exclusive jurisdiction of the planning commission, the planning commission shall take final action on a plat application, including the resolution of all appeals, not later than the 60th day after the date a completed plat application is received by the planning commission.

(e) The time period prescribed by Subsection (d) may be extended for:

(f) The planning commission may not compel an applicant to waive the time limits prescribed by this section.

(g) If the planning commission fails to take final action on the completed plat application as required by this section, the applicant may apply to a district court in the county in which the land is located for a mandamus order to compel the planning commission to approve or disapprove the plat. A planning commission subject to a mandamus order under this subsection shall make a decision approving or disapproving the plat not later than the 20th business day after the date a copy of the mandamus order is served on the presiding officer of the planning commission. If the planning commission approves the plat, the planning commission, within the 20-day period prescribed by this subsection, shall:

(h) Except as provided by this subsection, an approval of a plat by the planning commission is final on the 31st day after the date the planning commission votes to approve the plat. On the request of a county commissioner, the commissioners court shall review a plat approved by the planning commission not later than the 30th day after the date the planning commission votes to approve the plat. The commissioners court may disapprove the plat if the plat fails to comply with state law or rules adopted by the county or the planning commission. If the commissioners court fails to take action within the 30-day period prescribed by this subsection, the decision of the planning commission is final.

(i) In this section, "business day" means a day other than a Saturday, Sunday, or holiday recognized by this state.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 25, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


§ 232.097. Reasons for Disapproval of Plat Required

If the planning commission refuses to approve a plat, the planning commission shall provide to the person requesting approval a notice specifying the reason for the disapproval.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 404, § 25, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.


SUBCHAPTER E. INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING PROVISIONS IN CERTAIN URBAN COUNTIES

Section
232.100. Applicability.
232.101. Rules.
232.102. Major Thoroughfare Plan.
232.103. Lot Frontages.
232.104. Set-Backs.
232.105. Developer.
232.106. Connection of Utilities.
232.107. Provisions Cumulative.


§ 232.100. Repealed by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., eff. Sept. 1, 2007


§232.101. Rules

(a) By an order adopted and entered in the minutes of the commissioners court and after a notice is published in a newspaper of general circulation in the county, the commissioners court may adopt rules governing plats and subdivisions of land within the unincorporated area of the county to promote the health, safety, morals, or general welfare of the county and the safe, orderly, and healthful development of the unincorporated area of the county.

(b) Unless otherwise authorized by state law, a commissioners court shall not regulate under this section:

(c) The authority granted under Subsection (a) is subject to the exemptions to plat requirements provided for in Section 232.0015.

*Probably should read "any." Compare Local Govt. Code § 212.003(a)(3).; Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 736, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.; Amended by S.B. 1867, eff. Sept. 1, 2007.


§ 232.102. Major Thoroughfare Plan

By an order adopted and entered in the minutes of the commissioners court and after a notice is published in a newspaper of general circulation in the county, the commissioners court may:

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 736, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.


§ 232.103. Lot Frontages

By an order adopted and entered in the minutes of the commissioners court and after a notice is published in a newspaper of general circulation in the county, the commissioners court may adopt reasonable standards for minimum lot frontages on existing county roads and establish reasonable standards for the lot frontages in relation to curves in the road.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 736, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001..


§ 232.104. Set-Backs

By an order adopted and entered in the minutes of the commissioners court and after a notice is published in a newspaper of general circulation in the county, the commissioners court may establish reasonable building and set-back lines as provided by Chapter 233 without the limitation period provided by Section 233.004(c).*

*Redesignated as 233.034(c) by HB 2812, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.; Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 736, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.


§ 232.105. Developer Participation Contracts

(a) Without complying with the competitive sealed bidding procedure of Chapter 262, a commissioners court may make a contract with a developer of a subdivision or land in the unincorporated area of the county to construct public improvements, not including a building, related to the development. If the contract does not meet the requirements of this subchapter, Chapter 262 applies to the contract if the contract would otherwise be governed by that chapter.

(b) Under the contract, the developer shall construct the improvements, and the county shall participate in the cost of the improvements.

(c) The contract must establish the limit of participation by the county at a level not to exceed 30 percent of the total contract price. In addition, the contract may also allow participation by the county at a level not to exceed 100 percent of the total cost for any oversizing of improvements required by the county, including but not limited to increased capacity of improvements to anticipate other future development in the area. The county is liable only for the agreed payment of its share, which shall be determined in advance either as a lump sum or as a factor or percentage of the total actual cost as determined by an order of the commissioners court.

(d) The developer must execute a performance bond for the construction of the improvements to ensure completion of the project. The bond must be executed by a corporate surety in accordance with Chapter 2253, Government Code.

(e) In the order adopted by the commissioners court under Subsection (c), the county may include additional safeguards against undue loading of cost, collusion, or fraud.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 736, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.


§ 232.106. Connection of Utilities

By an order adopted and entered in the minutes of the commissioners court, and after a notice is published in a newspaper of general circulation in the county, the commissioners court may impose the requirements of Section 232.029or 232.0291.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 736, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.; Amended by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 708, § 10, eff. Sept. 1, 2005


§ 232.107. Provisions Cumulative

The authorities under this subchapter are cumulative of and in addition to the authorities granted under this chapter and all other laws to counties to regulate the subdivision of land.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 736, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.


§ 232.108. Plat Requirements

(a) The commissioners court, in addition to having the authority to adopt rules under Section 232.101 and other authority granted by this chapter, may impose the plat requirements prescribed by Section 232.023. If the commissioners court imposes the plat requirements prescribed by Section 232.023, any rules adopted under Section 232.101 must be consistent with those requirements.

(b) If a county imposing the plat requirements prescribed by Section 232.023 is not described by Section 232.022(a):

Added by SB 1867, eff. Sept. 1, 2007.


§ 232.109. Fire Suppression System

In a subdivision that is not served by fire hydrants as part of a centralized water system certified by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality as meeting minimum standards for water utility service, the commissioners court may require a limited fire suppression system that requires a developer to construct:

Added by SB 1867, eff. Sept. 1, 2007.