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Inte­gri­dad de Elecciones

Las elecciones seguras son la piedra angular de una república próspera.  La legislatura realizó mejoras significativas en las leyes que rigen la integridad de las elecciones estatales en 2017, lo que ha contribuido a un aumento constante en el número de referencias de fraude electoral.  Una prioridad clave del Procurador General es investigar y procesar las crecientes acusaciones de fraude electoral para garantizar la integridad de las elecciones dentro de Texas.


Procesó con éxito los delitos de fraude electoral contra 155 personas por parte de la Procuraduría General de Texas desde 2005.


El número de delitos pendientes contra 43 acusados, actualmente pendientes de enjuiciamiento.


El número de investigaciones de fraude electoral actualmente activas.

¿Qué es el fraude electoral?

Election fraud, in the most general sense, is any attempt to subvert or manipulate the electoral process by illegal means. 


Election fraud is notoriously difficult to detect, investigate, and prosecute.  In many ways, voting is based on the honor system, and relatively few safeguards are in place to prevent fraud.  While most people are honest and law-abiding, there are individuals who purposefully exploit vulnerabilities in the election system in order to manipulate the outcome of elections or impose their will on other voters, in violation of the principle of “one citizen, one vote.”  The OAG works tirelessly to bring lawbreakers to justice in order to maintain the integrity of Texas elections.

¿Qué tipo de actividades de fraude electoral ocurren?

There are over 100 different criminal offenses within the Texas Election Code, but the majority fall into a few major categories. 

Illegal voting:  Illegal voting is when a person who is not qualified to vote, such as non-citizens, non-residents, and felons, casts a vote.  Illegal voting also includes voter impersonation or voting another person’s ballot. 

Mail Ballot fraud:  This activity is also known as vote harvesting.  Vote harvesting exploits the inherent insecurities of the mail ballot system in two phases: seeding and harvesting.  In the seeding phase, applications for mail ballots are generated to saturate targeted precincts with mail ballots.  Commonly used schemes involve gaining voters’ signatures by deception, intimidation, or forgery; and/or fraudulently making an application for a voter who is not qualified to vote by mail, often by claiming that an able-bodied person is disabled.  In the harvesting phase, workers target voters as they receive their ballots in the mail and obtain votes for the candidates they support, either by intimidation, deception, compensation, influence, or outright theft of the ballot itself.

Voter Assistance fraud:  Exploiting the legitimate voter assistance process intended for voters who cannot read or physically mark their own ballots, in order for campaign workers to insert themselves into the voting process.   Campaign workers approach voters in parking lots of polling places and, often implying that they are official election workers, tell voters they are going to "assist" them with the voting process.  Election clerks are trained, under current law, not to question whether the voter is qualified for assistance or has requested the "assistant" to help them. Votes are then secured for the candidates of the assistant’s choice.

¿Cuáles son las sanciones asociadas con el fraude electoral?

Penalties range from misdemeanor offenses up to felonies, depending on the offense.  In 2017, the Texas Legislature increased the penalties for most mail ballot related offenses to state jail felonies or higher.

¿Cuál es el papel de la Procuraduría General de Texas en la aplicación de las leyes electorales?

The Office of the Attorney General has statewide investigation authority and concurrent prosecution authority with local elected prosecutors over the election laws of the State.  The OAG has deep experience and specialized resources to help train or assist local law enforcement and prosecution in working up complex and challenging election fraud cases.

¿Cómo se remiten los casos de fraude electoral a la Procuraduría General de Texas?

An individual may submit an election complaint to the Texas Secretary of State through the use of a form found online at:  The Secretary of State will refer complaints alleging criminal offenses to the Office of the Attorney General for investigation, and where appropriate, prosecution. Chapter 273, Texas Election Code, gives the OAG authority to investigate and prosecute election code violations anywhere in Texas.  Note, for a campaign-related complaint, please contact the Texas Ethics Commission.

¿Cómo decide la Procuraduría General de Texas qué casos de fraude electoral perseguir?

The OAG’s Election Fraud Unit is a referral-based unit.  The OAG does not choose its cases, nor does it “target” any particular geographical area or type of case.  The OAG responds to the complaints it receives, which are normally vetted by the Secretary of State, and determines whether an offense occurred, and whether, based on the strength of the evidence, the case may be prosecuted successfully.  The OAG does not have resources to actively detect fraud, but rather relies on members of the public and election officials to observe fraud and report it to the Secretary of State, who screens complaints pursuant to Election Code Section 31.006 and refers credible allegations to the OAG.

¿Cómo define la Procuraduría General de Texas el éxito con respecto a los casos de fraude electoral?

Success is achieved by increasing public confidence in free and fair elections in two ways: (1) by investigating an allegation of fraud and determining that fraud did not, in fact, occur; and (2) by investigating and prosecuting, where appropriate, violations of the election laws.  Election violations may be resolved in several ways.  A prosecution may result in a conviction, either by plea bargain or jury trial.  Convictions may result in incarceration, probation, or a combination of the two.  A prosecution may also result in a deferred adjudication, where a court may accept a defendant’s plea of guilt but defer an adjudication of guilt, pending a defendant’s successful completion of a probation period.  A prosecution may also be resolved by a diversion program, which is a contractual agreement with a prosecutor, wherein a perpetrator of an election offense typically admits to committing an election offense, receives education regarding the law, and agrees to comply with the law going forward.  If the individual reoffends, the admission may be used against them in a future prosecution; otherwise, the individual will not face criminal consequences and will not have a criminal history.  The ultimate goal of law enforcement is to gain compliance with the law, and the OAG has multiple tools at its disposal to achieve that goal.

Puntos De Ayuda Para Evitar Ser Víctima De Fraude Electoral

Conozca Sus Derechos

  • Usted tiene derecho a votar como quiera.  Es un delito que alguien lo presione o influya mientras vota.
  • Si tiene una discapacidad o si tiene 65 años o más, tiene derecho a votar por correo o boleta de voto en ausencia o en persona en el lugar de votación.
  • Un funcionario electoral nunca se acercará a usted en su casa o fuera de su lugar de votación para ofrecerle asistencia o tomar su boleta.  No entregue su boleta a una persona en la que no confíe.
  • Usted tiene derecho a votar su boleta por sí mismo, en secreto.  Elija a alguien en quien confíe para que lo ayude si no puede completar su boleta usted mismo.
  • Si permite que una persona lo ayude a leer y marcar su boleta, tiene derecho a inspeccionar la boleta para verificar su exactitud.
  • Es un delito que alguien le quite su boleta de voto por correo, a menos que usted sea físicamente incapaz de enviar su propia boleta por correo y solicite asistencia.


Para cualquier pregunta relacionada con las leyes electorales, consulte con la Secretaría del Estado.

Para preguntas relacionadas con campañas políticas, consulte a la Comisión de Ética de Texas.

Para obtener información sobre hacer campaña electoral en las escuelas, consulte este folleto.

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