THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF TEXAS
Ken Paxton

Wednesday, August 29, 2012

Texas Attorney General Secures $69 Million Agreement with Three Major U.S. Publishers over E-Book Price-Fixing Allegations

AUSTIN Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott today announced the resolution of a multistate antitrust investigation against three U.S. book publishers for price-fixing and collusion in the electronic book (E-book) market. Under national agreements led by Texas and Connecticut and joined by the attorneys general of 53 states, U.S. territories, and the District of Columbia, Hachette Book Group Inc., HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. and Simon & Schuster Inc. must modify their product distribution model and refund customers who overpaid for E-books after major publishing houses conspired to artificially inflate prices. Attorney General Abbott issued the following statement:

Unlawful collusion and price-fixing not only violates antitrust laws, it is anti-competitive and inconsistent with the free market approach that is critical to our economy. In this case, competition was undermined when publishers colluded to artificially set prices that should have been determined by the free market. Today’s settlements provide refunds to customers who paid artificially inflated prices for E-books and prohibit publishers from colluding, so that retail price competition is restored within the E-book market.

Today’s settlement agreements with Hachette, HarperCollins, and Simon & Schuster were filed with and must be approved by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Filed simultaneously with the settlements today was an antitrust enforcement action against the three settling publishers. In that civil legal action, the defendants are charged with conspir[ing] and agree[ing] to increase retail E-book prices for all consumers and agree[ing] to eliminate E-book retail price competition between E-book outlets, such that retail prices to consumers would be the same regardless of the outlet patronized by the consumer. Texas’ antitrust action based on the same allegations against publishers Macmillan and Penguin as well as Apple, Inc. remains pending.

Proposed settlement terms with Hachette, HarperCollins and Simon & Schuster
Compensate customers who purchased E-books from any of the five publishers between April 1, 2010 and May 21, 2012. Customers in Texas are expected to receive up to $5.5 million in total compensation.
Begin payments 30 days after the court approval of the settlement becomes final.
Pay approximately $7.5 million to States for fees and costs.
Terminate existing agreements with certain E-book outlets and grant those outlets greater freedom to reduce the prices of their E-book titles.