|Office of the Attorney General - State of Texas
April 7, 1999
Mr. J. Robert Giddings
Dear Mr. Giddings:
You ask whether certain information is subject to required public disclosure under chapter 552 of the Government Code. Your request was assigned ID# 123158.
The University of Texas (the "university") received a request for "five years of crime reports on our campus including all incident reports and records of adjudications of cases that went to disciplinary hearings." The requestor also asks how the university defines the "borders of [its] campus and other properties that fall under reporting requirements for the 1998 federal campus crime law." You inform us that you will release information responsive to the latter request. Furthermore, you explain that you will release incident reports that resulted in a conviction or deferred adjudication, as well as the basic information from all incident reports. You assert that the remaining requested information is excepted from disclosure pursuant to sections 552.108 and 552.114 of the Government Code. We have considered your arguments and reviewed the submitted representative sample of information.(1)
First, we address your arguments against disclosure under section 552.114 of the Government Code. The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 ("FERPA") provides that no federal funds will be made available under any applicable program to an educational agency or institution that releases personally identifiable information (other than directory information) contained in a student's education records to anyone
but certain enumerated federal, state, and local officials and institutions, unless otherwise authorized by the student's parent. See 20 U.S.C. § 1232g(b)(1). "Education records" means those records that contain information directly related to a student and are maintained by an educational agency or institution or by a person acting for such agency or institution. Id. § 1232g(a)(4)(A). This office generally applies the same analysis under section 552.114 and FERPA. Open Records Decision No. 539 (1990).
Section 552.114 excepts from disclosure student records at an educational institution funded completely or in part by state revenue. Section 552.026 provides as follows:
This chapter does not require the release of information contained in education records of an educational agency or institution, except in conformity with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, Sec. 513, Pub. L. No. 93-380, 20 U.S.C. Sec. 1232g.
In Open Records Decision No. 634 (1995), this office concluded that (1) an educational agency or institution may withhold from public disclosure information that is protected by FERPA and excepted from required public disclosure by sections 552.026 and 552.101 without the necessity of requesting an attorney general decision as to those exceptions, and (2) an educational agency or institution that is state-funded may withhold from public disclosure information that is excepted from required public disclosure by section 552.114 as a "student record," insofar as the "student record" is protected by FERPA, without the necessity of requesting an attorney general decision as to that exception. The incident and arrest reports of state university campus police departments, however, are not education records for the purposes of FERPA, and such records are not excepted from required public disclosure by sections 552.026 and 552.114. Open Records Decision No. 612 (1992). We conclude that the document which you assert is a student record pursuant to section 552.114 must be released because it is a record of the university police department. The record is not an education record for purposes of FERPA; therefore, it is not excepted from public disclosure by either section 552.026 or 552.114 and must be released.
Second, we consider your section 552.108 arguments. Section 552.108 of the Government Code excepts from required public disclosure:
(a) Information held by a law enforcement agency or prosecutor that
deals with the detection, investigation, or prosecution of crime . . . if:
(2) it is information that deals with the detection,
investigation, or prosecution of crime only in relation to an investigation that did not result in conviction or deferred adjudication[.]
. . . .
(c) This section does not except from [public disclosure] information
that is basic information about an arrested person, an arrest, or a crime.
You indicate that certain reported incidents did not result in a conviction. We conclude that you may withhold such incident reports under section 552.108(a)(2). However, we note that "basic information about an arrested person, an arrest, or a crime" is not excepted from required public disclosure. Gov't Code § 552.108(c). Basic information is the type of information that is considered to be front page offense report information even if this information is not actually located on the front page of the offense report. See generally Houston Chronicle Publ'g Co. v. City of Houston, 531 S.W.2d 177 (Tex. Civ. App.--Houston [14th dist.] 1975), writ ref'd n.r.e. per curiam, 536 S.W.2d 559 (Tex. 1976); Open Records Decision No. 127 (1976). Accordingly, you must release basic information from all incident reports.
Lastly, you have marked a set of incident reports that you will release to the requestor. We note that these documents contain information excepted from public disclosure by sections 552.101 and 552.130 of the Government Code. The social security numbers in the reports may be confidential if they were obtained or are maintained by the university police department pursuant to any provision of law, enacted on or after October 1, 1990. 42 U.S.C. § 405(c)(2)(C)(vii); see Open Records Decision No. 622 (1994). Section 552.130 excepts information that relates to a motor vehicle operator's or driver's license or permit issued by an agency of this state or a motor vehicle title or registration issued by an agency of this state. We have marked the social security numbers and section 552.130 information that you must withhold.
We are resolving this matter with an informal letter ruling rather than with a published open records decision. This ruling is limited to the particular records at issue under the facts presented to us in this request and should not be relied on as a previous determination regarding any other records. If you have any questions regarding this ruling, please contact our office.
Ref.: ID# 123158
Enclosures: Marked documents
cc: Ms. Angela Shah
1. In reaching our conclusion here, we assume that the "representative sample" of records submitted
to this office is truly representative of the requested records as a whole. See Open Records Decision Nos. 499
(1988), 497 (1988). This open records letter does not reach, and therefore does not authorize the withholding
of, any other requested records to the extent that those records contain substantially different types of
information than that submitted to this office.
POST OFFICE BOX 12548, AUSTIN, TEXAS 78711-2548 TEL: (512) 463-2100 WEB: WWW.OAG.STATE.TX.US