|Office of the Attorney General - State of Texas
March 3, 2000
Ms. Denise Nance Pierce
Dear Ms. Pierce:
You ask whether certain information is subject to required public disclosure under chapter 552 of the Government Code. Your request was assigned ID# 132753.
The Austin Independent School District (the "district") received a request for records relating to the professional relationship between the district and its legal counsel for special education. You claim that the requested information is excepted from disclosure under sections 552.026, 552.103, 552.107, 552.111, and 552.114 of the Government Code. We have considered the exceptions you claim and have reviewed the submitted information.
Pursuant to section 552.301(e), a governmental body is required to submit to this office within fifteen business days of receiving an open records request (1) general written comments stating the reasons why the stated exceptions apply that would allow the information to be withheld, (2) a copy of the written request for information, (3) a signed statement or sufficient evidence showing the date the governmental body received the written request, and (4) a copy of the specific information requested or representative samples, labeled to indicate which exceptions apply to which parts of the documents. Gov't Code § 552.301(e).
You state that the district received the request on December 6, 1999. You indicate that the district's offices were closed from December 20, 1999 to January 3, 2000. Therefore, the fifteenth business day from the date the district received the request was January 10, 2000. You did not submit to this office your written explanation why the exceptions you assert would apply, or copies of the specific information requested or representative samples until January 11, 2000, more than fifteen business days from the date the request was received. Therefore, you have failed to meet your statutory burden under section 552.301(e) of the Government Code.
Pursuant to section 552.302 of the Government Code, a governmental body's failure to submit to this office the information required in section 552.301(e) results in the legal presumption that the information is public and must be released. Gov't Code § 552.302. Information that is presumed public must be released unless a governmental body demonstrates a compelling reason to withhold the information to overcome this presumption. See Hancock v. State Bd. of Ins., 797 S.W.2d 379, 381-82 (Tex. App.--Austin 1990, no writ) (governmental body must make compelling demonstration to overcome presumption of openness pursuant to statutory predecessor to Gov't Code § 552.302); Open Records Decision No. 319 (1982). You assert, inter alia, that the submitted information is protected from disclosure pursuant to sections 552.103, 552.107, and 552.111 of the Government Code. Our office has previously concluded that sections 552.103, 552.107, and 552.111 are discretionary exceptions. A governmental body thus waives these exceptions by failing to timely invoke them. See Open Records Decision No. 630 (1994) (section 552.107 is a discretionary exception), 551 (1990) (statutory predecessor to section 552.103 serves only to protect a governmental body's position in litigation, and does not itself make information confidential), 470 (1987) (statutory predecessor to section 552.111 is a discretionary exception). Therefore, we find the assertion of these exceptions does not constitute a compelling reason to overcome the presumption that the requested information is public. Thus, you may not withhold any of the submitted information pursuant to sections 552.103, 552.107, or 552.111 of the Government Code. On the other hand, you claim that some of the information is excepted from disclosure pursuant to sections 552.026 and 552.114 of the Government Code. Sections 552.026 and 552.114 provide compelling reasons sufficient to overcome the presumption that the information is public and must be released.
You contend that some of the requested documents are educational records that must be withheld pursuant to sections 552.026 and 552.114 of the Government Code. Section 552.114 excepts from disclosure student records at an educational institution funded completely or in part by state revenue. Section 552.026 provides as follows:
This chapter does not require the release of information contained in education records of an educational agency or institution, except in conformity with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, Sec. 513, Pub. L. No. 93-380, 20 U.S.C. Sec. 1232g.
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 ("FERPA") provides that no federal funds will be made available under any applicable program to an educational agency or institution that releases personally identifiable information (other than directory information) contained in a student's education records to anyone but certain enumerated federal, state, and local officials and institutions, unless otherwise authorized by the student's parent. See 20 U.S.C. § 1232g(b)(1). "Education records" means those records that contain information directly related to a student and are maintained by an educational agency or institution or by a person acting for such agency or institution. Id. § 1232g(a)(4)(A). This office generally applies the same analysis under section 552.114 and FERPA. Open Records Decision No. 539 (1990).
In Open Records Decision No. 634 (1995), this office concluded that (1) an educational agency or institution may withhold from public disclosure information that is protected by FERPA and excepted from required public disclosure by sections 552.026 and 552.101 of the Government Code without the necessity of requesting an attorney general decision as to those exceptions, and (2) an educational agency or institution that is state-funded may withhold from public disclosure information that is excepted from required public disclosure by section 552.114 of the Government Code as a "student record," insofar as the "student record" is protected by FERPA, without the necessity of requesting an attorney general decision as to that exception.
Information must be withheld from required public disclosure under FERPA only to the extent "reasonable and necessary to avoid personally identifying a particular student." See Open Records Decision Nos. 332 (1982), 206 (1978). You have submitted documents that, pursuant to FERPA, the district has deemed to be education records and have redacted personally identifiable information regarding students. We agree that such information must be withheld pursuant to sections 552.026 and 552.114. Having waived your other exceptions to disclosure, you must release the remaining information in Exhibits 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, and 10 to the requestor in its entirety.(1)
This letter ruling is limited to the particular records at issue in this request and limited to the facts as presented to us; therefore, this ruling must not be relied upon as a previous determination regarding any other records or any other circumstances.
This ruling triggers important deadlines regarding the rights and responsibilities of the governmental body and of the requestor. For example, governmental bodies are prohibited from asking the attorney general to reconsider this ruling. Gov't Code § 552.301(f). If the governmental body wants to challenge this ruling, the governmental body must appeal by filing suit in Travis County within 30 calendar days. Id. § 552.324(b). In order to get the full benefit of such an appeal, the governmental body must file suit within 10 calendar days. Id. § 552.353(b)(3), (c). If the governmental body does not appeal this ruling and the governmental body does not comply with it, then both the requestor and the attorney general have the right to file suit against the governmental body to enforce this ruling. Id. § 552.321(a).
If this ruling requires the governmental body to release all or part of the requested information, the governmental body is responsible for taking the next step. Based on the statute, the attorney general expects that, within 10 calendar days of this ruling, the governmental body will do one of the following three things: 1) release the public records; 2) notify the requestor of the exact day, time, and place that copies of the records will be provided or that the records can be inspected; or 3) notify the requestor of the governmental body's intent to challenge this letter ruling in court. If the governmental body fails to do one of these three things within 10 calendar days of this ruling, then the requestor should report that failure to the attorney general's Open Government Hotline, toll free, at 877/673-6839. The requestor may also file a complaint with the district or county attorney. Id. § 552.3215(e).
If this ruling requires or permits the governmental body to withhold all or some of the requested information, the requestor can appeal that decision by suing the governmental body. Id. § 552.321(a); Texas Department of Public Safety v. Gilbreath, 842 S.W.2d 408, 411 (Tex. App.-Austin 1992, no writ).
If the governmental body, the requestor, or any other person has questions or comments about this ruling, they may contact our office. Although there is no statutory deadline for contacting us, the attorney general prefers to receive any comments within 10 calendar days of the date of this ruling.
Carla Gay Dickson
Ref: ID# 132753
Encl. Submitted documents
cc: Ms. Lora Maestre
1. Exhibits 2, 3, and 6 appear to have been submitted for illustrative purposes only. Thus, we do not consider the release of this information in our decision.
POST OFFICE BOX 12548, AUSTIN, TEXAS 78711-2548 TEL: (512) 463-2100 WEB: WWW.OAG.STATE.TX.US